Nordic dating ru
The sequences rr, ll and gh represent actual digraphs. The numbers given in Arabic numerals in the above transcription are given in the pentimal system.
At least seven of the runes, including those transcribed a, d, v, j, ä, ö above, are not in any standard known from the medieval period (see below for details).
Hjalmar Holand, a Norwegian-American historian and author, claims in his autobiography, "My First Eighty Years," that the stone was given to him by Ohman.
enthusiastically summarizing studies that were made by geologist Newton Horace Winchell (Minnesota Historical Society) and linguist George T.
We had camp by two skerries one day's journey north from this stone. After we came home [we] found ten men red of blood and dead.
AVM (Ave Virgo Maria) save [us] from evil." Holand took the stone to Europe and, while newspapers in Minnesota carried articles hotly debating its authenticity, the stone was quickly dismissed by Swedish linguists.
) acquisition journey from Vinland far to the west. A Swedish immigrant, Olof Ohman, reported that he discovered it in 1898 in the largely rural township of Solem, Douglas County, Minnesota, and named it after the nearest settlement, Kensington.
He further contended that critics had failed to consider the physical evidence, which he found leaning heavily in favour of authenticity.
8 : göter : ok : 22 : norrmen : po : ...o : opþagelsefärd : fro : vinland : of : vest : vi : hade : läger : ved : 2 : sk Lär : en : dags : rise : norr : fro : þeno : sten : vi : var : ok : fiske : en : dagh : äptir : vi : kom : hem : fan : 10 : man : röde : af : blod : og : ded : AVM : frälse : äf : illü. After we came home, found 10 men red from blood and dead. (side of stone) There are 10 men by the inland sea to look after our ships fourteen days journey from this peninsula (or island).
här : (10) : mans : ve : havet : at : se : äptir : vore : skip : 14 : dagh : rise : from : þeno : öh : ahr : 1362 : Eight Götalanders and 22 Northmen on (this? Year 1362 The Kensington Runestone is a 202-pound (92 kg) slab of greywacke covered in runes on its face and side.
In The Vikings and America (1986), Wahlgren again stated that the text bore linguistic abnormalities and spellings that he thought suggested the Runestone was a forgery.
One of the main linguistic arguments for the rejection of the text as genuine Old Swedish is the term opthagelse farth (updagelsefard) "journey of discovery".